1. Who is the top-ranked Indian billionaire on the Forbes’s 2020 list of world’s top billionaires?
Ans: Mukesh Ambani (Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has been ranked 17th in the latest world billionaires list by Forbes with a net worth of $44.3 billion – once again leading the tally from India’s perspective. Mukesh Ambani chairs and runs $88 billion (revenue) oil and gas giant Reliance Industries, among India’s most valuable companies. Reliance Jio has signed on more than 340 million customers by offering free domestic voice calls, dirt-cheap data services and virtually free Smartphone.)
2. Which nation lifted the temporary ban imposed on the export of essential drugs-Hydroxychloroquine, Paracetamol?
Ans: India (India has lifted a ban on some drug exports, including the experimental COVID-19 treatment, hydroxychloroquine, after United States President Donald Trump threatened possible retaliation if New Delhi failed to ship the anti-malarial medicine to the US. The reversal of the export ban comes after Trump spoke to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a phone conversation, during which the US president said that he would be surprised if New Delhi did not relent on his request, considering India’s good relations with the US.)
3. Which state government launched ‘Operation Shield’ to combat COVID-19?
Ans: Delhi (Delhi government announced the sealing of 20 Covid-19 hotspots in the national capital, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Thursday said that his government will carry out operation ‘SHIELD’ in these localities.Expansion of SHIELD is S (Sealing of area), H (Home quarantine), I (Isolation of infected patients), E (Essential services ensured), L (Local sanitisation), and D (Door to door survey).)
4. When was the World Health Organisation established?
Ans: April 7th 1948 (When diplomats met to form the United Nations in 1945, one of the things they discussed was setting up a global health organization. WHO’s Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. The first meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the agency’s governing body, took place on 24 July 1948.)
5. ICMR has drafted a proposal to explore which therapy to treat critical COVID-19 cases?
Ans: Plasma Therapy (In 1911, the Government of India set up the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) After independence, several important changes were made in the organisation and the activities of the IRFA. It was redesignated the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1949, considerably expanded scope of functions. Plasma is the often forgotten part of blood. White blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are important to body function. But plasma also plays a key role. This fluid carries the blood components throughout the body.The main role of plasma is to take nutrients, hormones, and proteins to the parts of the body that need it. Cells also put their waste products into the plasma. The plasma then helps remove this waste from the body. Blood plasma also carries all parts of the blood through your circulatory system.)
6. The Ukrainian authorities reported a major fire and spike in radiation levels in the restricted zone near Chernobyl. Which year did the Chernobyl nuclear accident take place?
Ans: 1986 (The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear accident that occurred on Saturday 26 April 1986, at the No. 4 nuclear reactor in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, near the city of Pripyat in the north of the Ukrainian SSR. The Ukrainian authorities reported a major spike in radiation levels after a forest fire broke out in the restricted zone near Chernobyl, the site of the world’s worst nuclear accident, on April 4, 2020. The head of Ukraine’s state ecological inspection service, Yegor Firsov, wrote in his social media post that the firefighters continue to fight the fire. “ The situation is difficult, the fire spread to the Chernobilsk zone of 20 hectares, but more than 100 hectares are burning in total,”)
7. Who has become the Democratic nominee for the US Presidential Elections 2020?
Ans: Joe Biden (Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (/ˌrɒbɪˈnɛt ˈbaɪdən/; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th vice president of the United States from 2009 to 2017 and represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate from 1973 to 2009. A member of the Democratic Party, Biden is the presumptive Democratic nominee for president in the 2020 election. He unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and in 2008.)
8. When was the world’s first human space flight launched?
Ans: April 12, 1961 (The first human in space was Yuri Gagarin, who flew the Vostok 1 spacecraft, launched by the Soviet Union on 12 April 1961 as part of the Vostok program. Humans have flown to the Moon nine times from 1968 to 1972 in the United States Apollo program, and have been continuously present in space for 19 years and 166 days on the International Space Station. Russia and China have human spaceflight capability with the Soyuz program and Shenzhou program. In the United States, SpaceShipTwo reached the edge of space in 2018; this was the first crewed spaceflight from the US since the Space Shuttle retired in 2011.
9. Nasscom has appointed Pravin Rao as new Chairman of the group. Pravin Rao is the Chief Operating Officer of which among the following companies?
Ans: Infosys (Infosys’ chief operating officer, UB Pravin Rao, has been appointed as the new chairman of the National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom), for 2020-21. Rekha M Menon, Chairman and Senior Managing Director, Accenture in India, will be the Vice-Chairperson for the industry body. The newly appointed leadership, along with President Debjani Ghosh, will help the industry body achieve its 2025 vision for the industry.
10. SIDBI has offered how much amount as emergency working capital to the MSMEs manufacturing essential items?
Ans: Rs 1 crore (The Small Industries Development Bank of India – SIDBI has said that it will provide emergency working capital of up to one crore rupees to small and medium enterprises(MSMEs) against their confirmed government orders. The SIDBI Assistance to Facilitate Emergency response against Corona virus – SAFE PLUS will be offered collateral free and disbursed within 48 hours. In a press release, SIDBI informed that the loans will be offered at an interest rate of five per cent. Meanwhile, the bank further informed that the limit of SAFE loans, announced a few days back has been enhanced from 50 lakh rupees to two crore rupees)