Current affairs April 10 2020

1. What is the name of innovation cell of MHRD and AICTE for students, online developing solutions to the coronavirus pandemic?

Ans: SAMADHAN ( The mega online challenge “SAMADHAN” has been launched by MIC and AICTE in collaboration with Forge and InnovatioCuris to test the ability of students and Educators to innovate. The participants in this challenge will design, simulate and develop such measures that can be made available to the government agencies, health services, hospitals and other services for quick solutions to the Coronavirus epidemic and other such calamities.Apart from this, through this “SAMADHAN” challenge, work will be done to make citizens aware, to motivate them, to face any challenge, to prevent any crisis and to help people get livelihood.)

2. The Rapid antibody diagonstic kit for COVID-19, What is the brand name of developed by the state-owned enterprise, HLL Lifecare Limited?

Ans: MakeSure (HLL’s ‘Makesure’ kit is a one-step COVID-19 IgM/IgG antibody detection from the human serum, plasma or whole blood obtained from the patient; RGCB’s kit is expected to get approved. “This device is designed to aid in the rapid differential diagnosis of COVID-19 virus infection in large population screening in our country during the current pandemic situation and this shall support in the management of control and treatment of coronavirus disease,” adds the release. “The test result can be obtained from the patient sample within 15-20 minutes. HLL is the first Indian government company received the approval from the ICMR for manufacturing and supplying the rapid antibody kit for COVID-19 detection,”. The principle of ‘MakeSure’ COVID-19 IgM/IgG antibody test kit is based on antibody capture immunochromatographic assay for the simultaneous detection of IgM and IgG antibodies to COVID-19 virus in human serum, plasma and/or whole blood samples.

3. Which private firm, has developed a face shield for docotors and medical staff?

Ans: Wipro (Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and private firm Wipro 3D have together developed a full face shield for doctors and medical staff treating COVID-19 patients.To ensure that front line health workers are protected against the contagious virus, the DRDO has developed a bio-suit to keep them safe. DRDO laboratories are using their technical know-how and expertise in textile, coating and nanotechnology to develop PPE having a specific type of fabric with coating. DRDO is also working on a multi patient-ventilator to help meet the shortage of critical equipment for COVID-19 patients.)

4. “5 Ts Plan” to tackle the spread of coronavirus, which state Government has unveiled?

Ans: New Delhi (New Delhi: Taking disciplined measures against coronavirus, Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal on Tuesday unveiled a 5-T action plan to combat Covid-19 in the national capital which includes  Testing, tracing, treatment, team-work and tracking and monitoring.

5. Which instant messaging platform has limited the sharing of forwarded messages to one chat, amid the rise in fake news during coronavirus pandemic?

Ans: Whatsapp (WhatsApp is to impose a strict new limit on message forwarding as the Facebook-owned chat app seeks to slow the dissemination of fake news, the company has announced. The change does not completely prevent widespread forwarding, since ultimately a message can be passed on however many times a user is happy to hit the forward button. But by inserting friction into the process, the company hopes to slow some of the most viral messages on its platform, such as the widely spread falsehood that coronavirus is related to 5G. That claim has led to the vandalisation of more than 20 phone masts. If a user receives a frequently forwarded message – one which has been forwarded more than five times – under the new curbs, they will only be able to send it on to a single chat at a time. That is one fifth the previous limit of five chats, imposed in 2019.

6. As per notification of WIPO, which country topped the world in filing international patents filed with WIPO, In 2019?

Ans: China (China in 2019 surpassed the United States of America (U.S.) as the top source of international patent applications filed with WIPO amid another year of robust growth for the Organization’s international intellectual property (IP) services, treaty-adherence activity and revenue base.International patent applications filed via the PCT grew by 5.2% (265,800 applications) in 2019, while international trademark applications via the Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks increased by 5.7% (64,400 applications). Protection for industrial designs via the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs saw a 10.4% growth (21,807 designs), capping another record-setting year for WIPO’s global IP services.)

7. Which tropical Cyclone hit South Pacific island nations Vanuatu & Fuji?

Ans: Harold ( Tropical Cyclone Harold will scrape parts of Tonga with damaging winds and heavy rainfall before racing into the open waters of the South Pacific Ocean. Harold raked through portions of Vanuatu and Fiji earlier. Harold was centered to the south of Tonga with maximum sustained winds equivalent to a Category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, according to the U.S. Joint Typhoon Warning Center.Harold brought heavy rain and damaging winds to parts of Fiji as it moved just south of Viti Levu, the country’s most populated island, on Wednesday local time. Viti Levu’s western coastal town of Nadi reported wind gusts up to 64 mph and heavy rainfall.The island has a population of approximately 40,000 people. From there, the eyewall of Harold moved directly across nearby Pentecost Island. For a full recap on Harold’s Vanuatu strike,Harold became only the fifth Category 5 equivalent tropical cyclone to track near the northern islands of Vanuatu since 1988.)

8. Which Country happened commemorate the genocide on April 7 observed on the international Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide?

Ans: Rwanda ( April 7, 2004 was recognized as an international observance the International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwandan genocide by the United Nations. Commemorative events were held in several major cities including Kigali, Rwanda; New York City, United States; Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania; and Geneva, Switzerland.In a speech given by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan given at the Assembly Hall of the Palais des Nations, he called for actions to prevent future genocides.

9. “SAFE PLUS” Emergency loan to small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) launched by which institution?

Ans: Small Industries Development Bank of India

( The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)on Tuesday said it will provide emergency working capital of up to Rs 1 crore to small and medium enterprises against their confirmed government orders.The new loan product, SIDBIAssistance to Facilitate Emergency response against coronavirus (SAFE) pluswill be offered collateral free and disbursed within 48 hours,The limit of SAFE loans, which was launched a few days back, has been enhanced from Rs 50 lakh to Rs 2 crore for executing government orders by those MSMEs which are eligible under the respective state government’s special policy package for interest subsidy/subvention or capital subsidy,”The scheme was launched to provide financial assistance to MSMEs engaged in manufacturing of hand sanitizers, masks, gloves, head gear, bodysuits, shoe-covers, ventilators and goggles used in dealing with COVID-19.

10. The Police personnel and state Government employees involved in the COVID-19 fight announced Rs 50 lakh insurance by Which State Government?

Ans: Madhya Pradesh (Uttar Pradesh government, on Wednesday, announced insurance cover of Rs 50 lakh for state’s police personnel amid coronavirus outbreak.  Additional Chief Secretary (Home) Awanish Awasthi said, Recently, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh governments also announced Rs 50 lakh insurance cover for their police personnel.

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