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Current affairs on April 13 2020

Current affairs on April 13 2020

1. When was observed commemorate the memory of B.R Ambedkar Remembrance Day is also known as Ambedkar Jayanti?

Ans: 14 April (Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar,He was independent India’s first Minister of Law and Justice, and the chief architect of the Constitution of India.Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in the town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh). He was the 14th and last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal,His family was of Marathi background from the town of Ambadawe (Mandangad taluka) in Ratnagiri district of modern-day Maharashtra.His original surname was Sakpal but his father registered his name as Ambadawekar in school, meaning he comes from his native village ‘Ambadawe’ in Ratnagiri district.His Devrukhe Brahmin teacher, Krishna Keshav Ambedkar, changed his surname from ‘Ambadawekar’ to his own surname ‘Ambedkar’ in school records.Ambedkar was trained as an economist, and was a professional economist until 1921, when he became a political leader. He wrote three scholarly books on economics:”Administration and Finance of the East India Company”, “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”, “The Problem of the Rupee: Its Origin and Its Solution”. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), was based on the ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission.)

2. Whcih former Governor of the Reserve Bank Of India has been named in the external advisory group of the IMF Chief Kristalina Georgiven ?

Ans: Raghuram Rajan (IMF MD Kristalina Georgieva on Friday named former RBI governor Raghuram Rajan and 11 others to her external advisory group to provide perspectives from around the globe on key developments and policy issues, including responses to the exceptional challenges the world now faces due to the coronavirus pandemic.Rajan, 57, who was the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor for three years until September 2016, is currently working as a professor at the prestigious University of Chicago.)

3. Whcih Public Sector Undertaking of India Partnered with the AllMS Rishikesh and developed a remote monitoring system for COVID-19?

Ans: Bharat Electronics Limited (The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)-Rishikesh, in collaboration with Bengaluru-based Defence PSU Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), has developed a health monitoring system to remotely assess the health of Covid-19 patients quarantined in homes and hospitals. Based on the inputs given by AIIMS-Rishikesh, BEL developed the Proof of Concept (PoC) model of a system integrating non-invasive health monitoring sensors to measure critical parameters such as temperature, pulse rate, SPO2 (Saturated Oxygen level) and respiration rate. BEL, which has proven expertise in Network Centric and IoT systems, has also networked these sensors for remotely monitoring the critical parameters.)

4. Sree  Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST) has obtained to provide innovative treatment to patients suffering from COVID-19, The institute based on which state where it’s Located?

Ans: kerla in Trivandrum (Technically called “convalescent-plasma therapy”, the treatment aims at using the immune power gained by a recovered person to treat a sick person. Indian council for medical research (ICMR) the top authorising body in India has given approval to the SCTIMST for carrying out the novel treatment. When a pathogen like novel coronavirus infects, our immune systems produce antibodies. Like the police dogs, the antibodies span out to identify and mark the invading virus. White blood cells attach the identified intruders, and the body gets rid of the infection. The therapy, like blood transfusion, harvests the antibody from a recovered patient and ingest into a sick person. Helped by the antibody, the immune system mounts robust combat on the virus.Antibodies are one of the front-line immune response to an infection by a microbe. They are a particular type of proteins secreted by immune cells called B lymphocytes when they encounter an invader, such as a novel coronavirus.  The immune system designs antibodies that are highly specific to each invading pathogen. A particular antibody and its partner virus are made for each other.)

5.  Which Union Minister of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Steel, participates in G20 Extraordinary Energy Ministers’ virtual meeting?

Ans: Dharmendra Pradhan (The meeting was called by Saudi Arabia, in its capacity as the G20 Presidency, and chaired by Saudi Arabia Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz. The meeting was attended by Energy Ministers of G20 countries, guest countries and heads of international organizations including OPEC, IEA and IEF. The G20 Energy Ministers’ focused on ways and means to ensure stable energy markets, which are affected due to demand reduction as result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing surplus production -related matters. During the meeting, Shri Pradhan reiterated Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s call for G20 taking a human-centric approach for overcoming challenging hardships, especially for the vulnerable.)

6. Renowned Hindustani classical singer and Padma Shri awardee, who recently passed away at a Gurgaon hospital?

Ans: Shanti Hiranand Chawla (She was Born in 1933 in a Sindhi business (Sindhi Language comes the family of Indo-Aryan Language. Though sindh is today state of Pakistan, Sindhi is today official language India and Pakistan) family based in Lucknow (now in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh), – 10 April 2020. was an Indian vocalist, classical musician and writer, known for her proficiency as a ghazal singer. She was the author of the book Begum Akhtar: The Story of My Ammi, a biographical work on Begum Akhtar, a renowned Ghazal singer.The singer was trained in thumri, dadra and ghazal singing by Begum Akhtar, and was world renowned for keeping the legendary ghazal singer’s style alive in her performances, which she staged all across the world, including Lahore, Islamabad, Toronto, Boston, New York, and Washington.)

7. American folk songwriter, who recently passed away at 73 due to coronavirus complications associated with which field?

Ans: John Prine associated with Music (John Prine (October 10, 1946 – April 7, 2020) was an American country folk singer-songwriter.On March 19, 2020, amid the coronavirus pandemic in the United States, Prine’s wife Fiona revealed that she had tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 and had been quarantined in their home apart from him.Prine died on April 7, 2020, of complications caused by COVID-19.)

8. Anak Krakatau, which means Child of Kratakau, volcano which was recently seen erupting ash and lava continuously, is lacated in which country?

Ans : Indonesia ( Anak Krakatau volcano, which is located in the Sunda Strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, has been continuously erupting, with CCTV footage from Indonesia’s Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation showing lava flares.The volcano – whose name means ‘Child of Krakatoa’ – was emerged from the remnants of the Krakatoa volcano, whose 1883 eruption killed more than 36,000 people in one of the most devastating natural disasters in history, and caused a period of global cooling, according to the Jakarta Post.)

9. As per the recent notification from the union ministry of home affairs (MHA), which industry has been exempted from the lockdown?

Ans: Fishing and Aquaculture (The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has recently released a notification, wherein it has exempted the operations of Fishing (Marine) and Aquaculture Industry from the nation-wide lockdown imposed to curb the spread of coronavirus. The operations of the marine and aquaculture industry including harvesting, processing, packaging, cold chain, sale and marketing; hatcheries, movement of fish/shrimp etc. were exempted in the order. The order also directed that social distancing and proper hygiene practices must be ensured.)

10. The headquarters of AU small Finace Bank in Jaipur, Who has appointed as Non- Executive chairman of Au small Finace Bank?

Ans: RV Verma (KOLKATA: AU Small Finance Bank has appointed RV Verma, the former chairman and managing director of National Housing Bank, as a non-executive chairman from April 8 for one year.Reserve Bank of India has given approval for it. Verma, an MA in Economics has been associated with the Jaipur-based lender since 2018 as independent director. The Delhi School of Economics alumnus is also a member of the advisory committee of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India.)

11.  Where is the Headquarters of NCW located, its recently launches WhatsApp number to report cases of domestic violence?

Ans: New Delhi (he National Commission for Women (NCW) launched a WhatsApp number on Friday to report cases of domestic violence, which have seen a rise during the coronavirus lockdown period.The NCW said the WhatsApp number –7217735372 — is in addition to the online complaint links and emails which are already operational.”This is an emergency number for women facing domestic violence complaints only,”)

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