Find out what happened in India on 25 May
JUSTICE J.S. VERMA OF THE SUPREME COURT APPOINTED TO PROBE INTO RAJIV GANDHI MURDER CASE:
Jagdish Sharan Verma was born on 18 January 1933 in satna, Madya Pradesh & Verma died from multiple organ failure on 22 April 2013 at Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon at the age of 80. He was an Indian jurist who served as the 27th Chief Justice of India from 25 March 1997 to 18 January 1998. He was the chairman of National Human Rights Commission from 1999 to 2003, and chairman of the Justice Verma Committee Report on Amendments to Criminal Law after the 2012 Delhi gang rape case. He remains one of India’s most highly regarded Chief Justices and eminent jurists.
RASH BEHARI BASU FREEDOM FIGHTER WAS BORN:
India’s fight for independence from the clutches of the Britishers, Rash Behari Bose was born on May 25, 1886, and died on January 21, in the year 1945. Bose learned the tricks of making crude bombs even before he had passed matriculation. He was one of the key organisers of Ghadar revolution that aimed to attack the British army from the inside. It helped in activating an uprising in India. He also played a crucial role in organising the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj). He attempted to assassinate Lord Hardinge by throwing a bomb at his parade in Delhi on December 23, 1912. Rash Behari Bose escaped from India in 1915 and lived in Japan as an escapee. In 1943, he handed over the charge of Azad Hind Fauj to Subhas Chandra Bose.The Japanese government had honoured him with the ‘Order of the Rising Sun’. Rash Behari Bose died in Tokyo in 1945.
BIHARILAL CHAKRAVORTY, BENGALI POET, PASSED AWAY:
Chakravarty, Biharilal (1835-1894) a pioneer of modern Bangla lyrical poetry and the poetic guru of rabindranath tagore, was born in Kolkata on 21 May 1835. His forefathers originally lived at Farashdanga and their original family name was ‘Chattopadhyay’. Biharilal introduced an interest in the self in place of interest in material things. He was the first to explore the depths of a poet’s soul in Bangla poetry. His lyrics give a romantic view of nature in musical and simple language. Biharilal used a vocabulary composed of Sanskrit words as well as Bangla derivatives. His writings also appeared in bharati, somprakash, Kalpana. Biharilal died on 24 May 1894. The street on which his Calcutta house stood was renamed ‘Biharilal Chakravarty Street’ in his honour.
NAZRUL ISLAM WAS BORN IN CHURULIA VILLAGE OF BURDWAN DISTRICT:
Kazi Nazrul Islam born on 25 May 1899 & he deid on 29 August 1976 was a Bengali poet, writer, musician and the national poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, he produced a large body of poetry and music with themes that included religious devotion and rebellion against oppression. Nazrul’s activism for political and social justice earned him the title of “Rebel Poet”. His compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Geeti (Music of Nazrul). University of Calcutta and the Government of West Bengal has opened a Nazrul Tirtha in Rajarhat, a cultural centre dedicated to his memory. On May 25, 2020, Google celebrated his 121st birthday with a Google Doodle.
MAHATMA GANDHI ESTABLISHED SABARMATI ASHRAM NEAR AHMEDABAD:
Sabarmati Ashram (also known as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Sabarmati suburb of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. when he was not travelling across India or in prison. He lived in Sabarmati or Wardha for a total of twelve years with his wife Kasturba Gandhi and followers, including Vinoba Bhave. The Bhagavad Gita was recited here daily as part of the Ashram schedule. Gandhi led the Dandi march also known as the Salt Satyagraha on 12 March 1930. In recognition of the significant influence that this march had on the Indian independence movement the Indian government has established the ashram as a national monument. The Sangrahalaya was then re-located into the well-designed and well-furnished museum building and was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India on 10 May 1963. Memorial activities could then continue.
ASHUTOSH MUKERJEE, FAMOUS EDUCATIONALIST, PASSED AWAY IN DUMRAON AT BIHAR:
Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee was born on 29 June 1864 in ancestral village is jirat in Hooghly District west Bengal. He deid on 25 May 1924) was a prolific Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician. He was the first student to be awarded a dual degree (MA in Mathematics and Physics) from Calcutta University. The Calcutta Mathematical Society was also founded by Mukherjee in 1908 and he served as the president of the Society from 1908 to 1923. He was often called “Banglar Bagh” (“Tiger of Bengal”) for his high self-esteem, courage, academic integrity and a general intransigent attitude towards the British Government.
RUSI FRAMROZ SURTI CRICKETER WAS BORN IN SURAT, GUJARAT:
Rusi Framroze was born on 25 May 1936 in surat, Gujarat and he deid on 13 January 2013 in mumbai, Maharashtra. He was an Indian cricketer who played in 26 Tests from 1960 to 1969. Surti was also a popular professional for Haslingden in the Lancashire League in 1959. India toured the West Indies in 1962 and Surti made 246 runs in the series. In 1967/68 they toured Australia and New Zealand, and after various first class fixtures and the Tests he made 967 runs at 37.19 and took 42 wickets. In the Tests he made 688 runs at an average of 45.50 with 22 wickets.
SAGARMAL GOPA, A DEVOTED PATRIOT AND FREEDOM FIGHTER, WAS ARRESTED IN JAISALMER:
Sagarmal Gopa (3 November 1900 – 4 April 1946) was a freedom fighter and patriot from Rajasthan, India. He took active part in the non-cooperation movement in 1921. He opposed anti-people policies of then rulers of Jaisalmer. His return to Jaisalmer he was arrested on 25 May 1941. He was tortured in prison for years. He was burnt to death in the prison on 4 April 1946. The Government of India issued a postage stamp in 1986 in honour of Sagarmal Gopa. A branch of Indira Gandhi Canal is named after him.
KATHAPURUSHAN’ WINS BEST FILM NATIONAL AWARD:
The 43rd National Film Awards, presented by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organisation set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1995. Ceremony took place in 1996 and awards were given by then President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma. For 43rd National Film Awards, a Malayalam film, Kathapurushan won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film whereas a Malayalam film, Kaalapani won the maximum number of awards.
SIR JOHN LAWRENCE–PASSENGER STEAMER OF MCLEAN & CO. OF CALCUTTA–SANK NEAR THE COASTLINE OF ORRISA IN A STORM:
McLin and Company ran a regular service on its steamship ‘Sir John Lawrence’. On May 25, 1887, the ship sailed from Kolkata’s Chotulal Ghat (also called Mullick Ghat) for Chandbali with 750 passengers, mostly women, and a crew of 30 comprising six Englishmen. Nothing was known of the ships for two days until another ship reported wreckage and dead bodies floating off the coast. The ship had sunk with its entire passengers just a few hours after it had steamed off. Most of the women who perished were from well-to-do Kolkata Bhadralok families. The few Englishwomen who drowned were wives of high officials. The Report of the Marine Court of Inquiry to the Government of Bengal found that the Sir John Lawrence was carrying more than her proper complement of passengers and that the tragedy occurred due to the shipmaster’s irresponsible navigation. This led to an uproar and the demand for the railways to Puri became more powerful.