Find out what happened in India on 26 May

26-May-1885

GOVINDAGRAJ (RAM GANESH GADKARI) COMEDY AUTHOR AND POET, WAS BORN:

Ram Ganesh Gadkari (May 26, 1885 – January 23, 1919) was a Marathi poet, playwright, and humorist from Maharashtra, India. Gadkari produced four complete plays, three unfinished plays, 150 poems, and some humorous articles. (On the day of his death, he had finished writing just a few hours earlier his play Bhava Bandhan  Literary critics have judged all of his works to be of very high caliber.

26-May-1906

BENJAMIN PEARY PAL WAS BORN:

Benjamin Peary Pal (26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989) was the first Director of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was one of the foremost scientists in Wheat genetics and breeding. Internationally famous scientist of Indian agriculture, was born at Mukundpur, Punjab. In 1929, he went to Cambridge to do research on wheat and he returned to Burma with a Ph.D. five years later. In 1933, he got a research job with what is now known as the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi. In 1965, Pal became Director General of the newly founded Indian Council of Agricultural Research in New Delhi. He has written several books on roses, the most popular being “The Rose in India”. Awarded the Padma Shri in 1959. Awarded Padma Bhushan in 1968. Awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1987. 

26-May-1945

VILASRAO DAGDOJIRAO DESHMUKH, LEADER IN MAHARASHTRA, WAS BORN:

Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh (26 May 1945 – 14 August 2012) was an Indian politician who served two terms as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra. He also served in the Union cabinet as the Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences. Deshmukh was born on 26 May 1945 in Babhalgaon village in Latur district in the present-day Maharashtra. Critically ill with kidney and liver failures, Deshmukh died on 14 August 2012 due to multiple organ failure at Global Hospitals, Chennai.

26-May-1993

THE CENTRE DECIDES TO IMPLEMENT THE MANDAL COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION TO PROVIDE 27\% RESERVATION FOR THE SOCIALLY AND EDUCATIONALLY BACKWARD CLASSES IN THE CENTRAL SERVICES FROM 15TH JUNE:

The Mandal Commission, or the socially and Educationally Backward Classes Commission (SEBC), was established in India on 1 January 1979 by the Janata Party government under Prime Minister Morarji Desai. with a mandate to “identify the socially or educationally backward classes” of India. identified on the basis of caste, economic and social indicators comprised 52% of India’s population, the Commission’s report recommended that members of Other Backward Classes (OBC) be granted reservations to 27% of jobs under the Central government and public sector undertakings, thus making the total number of reservations for SC, ST and OBC to 49%. It was thereafter provided a temporary stay order by the Supreme court, but implemented in 1992 in the central government for jobs in central government public sector undertakings.  For example, in 1980, the state of Karnataka [8] had reserved 48% for socially and educationally backward classes (including SC, ST and OBCs), with a further 18% reserved for other weaker sections. 

26-May-1997

GOVERNMENT DECIDES TO ALLOW THE USE OF ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY LPG AS A MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL:

Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), is a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles. It is increasingly used as an aerosol propellant and a refrigerant, replacing chlorofluorocarbons in an effort to reduce damage to the ozone layer. When specifically used as a vehicle fuel it is often referred to as autogas. Autogas is widely used as a “green” fuel, as its use reduces CO2 exhaust emissions by around 15% compared to petrol. One litre of petrol produces 2.3 kg of CO2 when burnt, whereas the equivalent amount of autogas (1.33-litre due to lower density of autogas) produces only 1.5 * 1.33 = 2 kg of CO2 when burnt. Autogas is the third most popular automotive fuel in the world, with approximately 16 million of 600 million passenger cars powered using the fuel, representing less than 3% of the total market share. Approximately half of all autogas-fueled passenger vehicles are in the five largest markets (in descending order): Turkey, South Korea, Poland, Italy, and Australia.

26-May-1998

PROF. JAGDISH BHAGWATI, ECONOMIST, WAS AWARDED THE 1998 FREEDOM PRIZE OF THE MAX SCHMIDMEINY FOUNDATION:

Jagdish Natwarlal Bhagwati born July 26, 1934 into a Gujarati family in the Bombay Presidency during the British Raj, and received a Bcom from Sydenham College, Mumbai. He is an Indian-born American economist  and University Professor of economics and law at Columbia University. Bhagwati’s research includes international trade and he is an advocate of free trade. Mahalanobis Memorial Medal of the Indian Econometric Society (1974). Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1982), Seidman Distinguished Award in International Political Economy (1998),Padma Vibhushan Award (2000). the John R. Commons Award (United States). He has also received honorary degrees from the University of Sussex and Erasmus University, as well as others.

26-May-1999

IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT) LAUNCHED BY PSLV-C2:

IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT) is the first satellite primarily built for Ocean applications, weighing 1050 kg placed in a Polar Sun Synchronous orbit of 720 km, launched by PSLV-C2 from SHAR Centre, Sriharikota on May 26, 1999.This satellite carries Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) and a Multi – frequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR) for oceanographic studies. IRS-P4 thus vastly augment the IRS satellite system of ISRO comprising four satellites, IRS-1B, IRS-1C, IRS-P3 and IRS-1D and extend remote sensing applications to several newer areas.

26-May-2000

In a significant development, the Government decides to allow disinvestment up to 60 per cent equity of Air India. Mission completed on August 8, 2010 after serving for 11 years and 2 months.

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