Find out what happened in India on 27 May
PANDIT JAWAHARLAL NEHRU, FIRST PRIME MINISTER PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 74:
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India. His father, Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), a self-made wealthy barrister who belonged to the Kashmiri Pandit community, He was deid on 27 May 1964. He was an Indian independence activist, and subsequently, the first Prime Minister of Indiain 1947 until his death in 1964. in 1951, 1957, and 1962. He remained popular with the people of India in spite of political troubles in his final years and failure of leadership during the 1962 Sino-Indian War. In India, his birthday is celebrated as Bal Diwas (Children’s Day).
GULZARILAL NANDA WAS ACTING PRIME MINSTER OF INDIA. HE HELD THIS OFFICE TILL JUNE 9, 1964:
Gulzarilal Nanda was born on 4 July 1898 in Sialkot in the Punjab Province of British India into a Punjabi Hindu family. (After the partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, Sialkot became a part of the Punjab Province of Pakistan. was an Indian politician and economist who specialized in labour issues. He was the Prime Minister of India twice for thirteen days on 27 May 1964 to 9 june 1964 or two short periods following the deaths of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1997.
SECOND JAWAHARLAL NEHRU AWARD FOR INTERNATIONAL UNDERSTANDING GIVEN TO REVEREND MARTIN LUTHER KING POSTHUMOUSLY:
The Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding is an international award presented by the Government of India in honour of Jawaharlal Nehru, the country’s first prime minister. It was established in 1965 and is administered by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) to people “for their outstanding contribution to the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship among people of the world”. The money constituent of this award is 2.5 million rupees.
MAHARASHTRA SAHITYA PATRIKA DAY:
Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad is a literary institution situated in the West Indian state of Maharashtra for the purpose of the “furtherance of Marathi language and literature”. It was set up in Pune in 1906. The Encyclopedia of Indian Literature considers it as Marathi’s first representative literary body. in Marathi language and literature and classes for non-Marathi speakers in Pune. It has undertaken the publishing a History of Marathi literature. The Parishad according to Deshpande lead in the demand for the formation of a separate linguistic state – Maharashtra.
ROBERT KOCH, FAMOUS FRENCH SCIENTIST, PASSED AWAY:
Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch was born in Clausthal, Germany, on 11 December 1843, he deid on 27 May 1910. He was a German physician and microbiologist. As one of the main founders of modern bacteriology, he identified the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and also gave experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. Koch received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905. The Robert Koch Institute is named in his honour.
KANDUKURI VEERESALINGAM PASSED AWAY :
Rao Bahadur Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu was born on 16 April 1848 in Rajahmundry, Madras Presidency, to Subbarayudu and Poornamma. died on 27 May 1919 at the age of 71. His statue has been unveiled on the Beach Road in Vishakhapatnam In his memory, the Indian Post department issued 25 paisa postage stamp in 1974. was a social reformer and writer of Madras Presidency, British India. He also started a school in Dowlaiswaram in 1874. He constructed a temple as ‘Brahmo Mandir’ in 1887 and the ‘Hithakarini School’ in 1908 in Andhra Pradesh. His novel Rajasekhara Charitramu is considered to be the first novel in Telugu literature.
JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN, LABOUR RESEARCH CELL, ARRESTED AFTER DANDI MARCH:
Jayaprakash Narayan was born on 11 October 1902 in the village of Sitabdiara, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (present-day Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh, India). He deid on on 8 October 1979. He was an Indian independence activist, theorist, socialist and political leader. He is also known as the “Hero of Quit India Movement” and he is remembered for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he had called for a “total revolution”. In 1999 he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna & Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965.
MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD WAS ARRESTED DURING SALT MOVEMENT:
Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar, Islamic theologian, independence activist, and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. Azad was born in Makkah, then a part of the Ottoman Empire. His real name was Sayyid Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al Hussaini. First Minister of Education in the Indian government Minister of Human Resource Development until 25 September 1958, Ministry of Education. His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day across India.
TARAPOREWALA AQUARIUM WAS INAUGURATED AT MUMBAI BY PRESIDENT DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD:
Taraporewala Aquarium is built in 27 May 1951 and inaugurated by President of India Dr Rajendra prasad. A variety of fishes available there comes from different places. Nearby railway station is charni road. For aquarium you have to pay 60 Rs and if you want to use Mobile or own camera huge amount to pay. A proposal has been put forward to convert the aquarium into an underwater oceanarium. This will allow the people to take a feel of an undersea walk, witnessing rich marine life. Tourists can reach this place by taking a bus, an auto rickshaw or a taxi from elsewhere in the city.
COPYRIGHT ACT WAS PASSED:
The Copyright Act 1957 (as amended by the Copyright Amendment Act 2012) governs the subject of copyright law in India. The Act is applicable from 21 January 1958. The history of copyright law in India can be traced back to its colonial era under the British Empire. The Copyright Act 1957 was the first post-independence copyright legislation in India and the law has been amended six times since 1957. including the Berne Convention of 1886 (as modified at Paris in 1971), the Universal Copyright Convention of 1951, the Rome Convention of 1961 and the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The Indian copyright law protects literary works, dramatic works, musical works, artistic works, cinematograph films and sound recordings.
RAVISHANKAR JAYADRITHA SHASTRI, CRICKETER (INDIAN SLA ALL-ROUNDER 1981-92), WAS BORN IN BOMBAY:
Ravishankar Shastri was born on 27 May 1962. Ravi Shastri is of Mangalorean descent. He was born in Bombay and studied at Don Bosco High School, Matunga. the World Championship of Cricket in Australia in 1985. In the same season on 10 January 1985 he equaled West Indian Garry Sobers’s record of hitting six sixes in an over in first class cricket. He was forced to retire aged 31 due to a recurring knee injury. He has done commentary on behalf of BCCI in the matches that India play. In 2014, he became the director of Indian cricket team for a period of eight months from India’s tour of England till the 2015 World Cup. On 13 July 2017, he was appointed as the head coach of Indian cricket team. On 16 August 2019, he was re-appointed as the head coach of the senior men’s Indian team and will remain in charge until the 2021 ICC T20 World Cup.
TARKTIRTH LAXMANSHASTRI JOSHI, INTERNATIONALLY FAMOUS OMNICIENT, PASSED AWAY:
“Tarkateertha” Lakshman Shastri Joshi was born on 27 January 1901 and he passed away on 27 May 1994. He was an Indian scholar, of Sanskrit, Hindu Dharma, and a Marathi literary critic, and supporter of Indian independence. Mahatma Gandhi chose him to be his principal advisor in his campaign against. Joshi was equally a pragmatist, endorsing Nehru’s investments in higher education and heavy industry. He was closely associated with Pradnya pathshala all his life. Although a Brahmin, he spent his life going against tradition. In 1932, at the age of 29, he was jailed by the British for his role in the freedom movement. In 1992 he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honor, in recognition of a lifetime of exceptional and distinguished service to India. In 1973, he received the National Sanskrit Pandit Award, and in 1976, the government of India conferred on him the Padma Bhushan title, India’s third highest honour, for excellence in Literature and Education. He was awarded an honorary doctorate in literature from Bombay University in 1975. In 1989, Joshi received a Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, the highest award for lifetime achievement given by the Akademi, which is India’s National Academy of Letters.
NATIONAL CENTRE FOR LABOUR LAUNCHED IN BANGALORE TO GIVE A BOOST TO THE UNORGANISED WORKER’S MOVEMENT IN INDIA:
The National Centre for Labour or NCL formally came into being in May 1995 in Bangalore, Karnataka State, India. The creation of NCL as a national confederation of Labour organisation in the unorganised / Informal sector of India was the outcome of a study of informal sector organisations that concluded that the absence of a collective voice for the informal sector workers / labour at the national level resulted in their concerns not being effectively addressed at the national level.NCL was constituted by its founding organisations namely National Federation of Construction Labour S Association (SEWA), National Fish Workers Forum (NFF), Sarva Shramik Sangh, Van Mazdoor Mandal, Kamani Employees Union and other independent trade unions. NCL is run by an Executive Committee. Mr. N. P. Samy is its current General Secretary.
MINOO MASANI, 92, CO-FOUNDER OF THE SWATANTRA PARTY, PASSED AWAY IN MUMBAI AFTER A BRIEF ILLNESS:
Minocher Rustom “Minoo” Masani (20 November 1905 – 27 May 1998) was born to Sir Rustom Masani who was a municipal commissioner of erstwhile Bombay and Vice chancellor of Bombay University. He was an Indian politician, a leading figure of the erstwhile Swatantra Party. He was a three-time Member of Parliament, representing Gujarat’s Rajkot constituency in the second, third and fourth Lok Sabha. A Parsi, he was among the founders of the Indian Liberal Group think tank that promoted classical liberalism. He served as a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, representing the Indian National Congress. He introduced the proposal for a uniform civil code to be included in the Constitution of India in 1947, which was rejected.