30 – May – 1987
FOUNDATION DAY OF GOA STATE:
Goa is a state on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan, and geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats. It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth-smallest by population. Goa has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states. two and a half times that of the country. It was ranked the best-placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.
THE FIRST HINDI NEWSPAPER WAS PUBLISHED FROM CALCUTTA:
Udant Martandwas the first Hindi language newspaper published in India. Started on 30 May 1826, from Calcutta (now Kolkata), the weekly newspaper was published every Tuesday by Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla. Shukla was a lawyer originally from Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, who had settled in Calcutta and became Proceedings Reader at the Sadr Diwani Adalat (Civil and Revenue High Court), and later on a pleader. On 16 February 1826, he along with Munnu Thakur of Banstala Gali, Calcutta, received a license to publish a newspaper in Hindi. The newspaper was started on 30 May 1826; with it for the first time a newspaper was published completely in Hindi, using Devanagari script. Udant Martand employed a mix of Khari Boli and Braj Bhasha dialects of Hindi. The first issue printed 500 copies. and the newspaper was published every Tuesday. Many years later in 1850, Shukla also started a magazine, Samdand Martand, which ran till 1929. Today, “Hindi Journalism Day” or Hindi Patrakarita Diwas is celebrated on 30 May each year, as it marked the “beginning to journalism in Hindi language”.
THE 7TH BATTALION OF THE MECHANISED INFANTRY REGIMENT WAS RAISED AS 37 DOGRAS BY LT. COL V. RIVAS AT SIALKOT:
The 7th Battalion the Mechanised Infantry Regiment was raised as 37 DOGRAS by Lt. Col V. Rivas on 30th May, 1887 at Sialkot. The Battalion saw action within three years of raising as part of Black Mountain Expeditionary Force in March 1891. All ranks were awarded Indian General Service Medal with clasp ‘HAZARA’ 1891. As part of Chitral Relief Force in 1895, the unit crossed ‘MALAKAND,’ pass and earned its first battle honour ‘CHITRAL’. In the gallant action at Kut against the Turks in 1915-1916, the battalion earned a Victoria Cross for then Capt J.A. Sinton. During the First World War, the battalion was employed in Mesopotamia and won laurels for the gallant actions against the Turks. The battalion was awarded the battalion honour ‘DAHRA BEND’ and the entire battalion was mentioned in Commander in Chief’s despatches, a unique honour. The unit was one of the first to enter Baghdad in 1917.
EXPRESS TRAIN FELL INTO BEKI RIVER IN ASSAM KILLING 45 PERSONS:
A bridge across the Beki river near Guwahati collapsed under a train, killing at least 45 people and injuring 100. Beki River is one of the right bank tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra River,which flows down from the Bhutan region but a large portion flows in Indian state Assam. Beki River, also known as Kurissu River in Bhutan.
GOA BECOMES THE 25TH STATE OF INDIA:
People’s demand for full statehood was attained on 30th May, 1987, when Goa became India’s 25th state. Daman and Diu were separated from Goa and continue to be administered as a union territory. Earlier, Goa was a union territory, namely, Goa, Daman and Diu for all administrative and governance considerations.
PANDURANG SAKHARAM PISURLEKAR, THE GREAT HISTORIAN IN GOA, WAS BORN:
Dr. Pandurang Sakharam Shenvi – Pisurlekar May 30, 1894 in the village of Pisurle in Sattari taluka of Goa. Died: Panaji , July 10, 1969) was a Govekar historian and Marathi – Konkani writer. His book ” Portuguese-Maratha Relations: The History of the Marathas in the Backpack of the Portuguese ” is considered to be one of the most important historical works in the history of the Marathas. In 1947, the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal honored the Jadunath Government with a gold medal. In 1926, he became a member of the government organization ‘Institute Vasco da Gama’ in Panaji.
DEVDUTTA RAMKRISHNA BHANDARKAR, GREAT HISTORIAN AND ARCHAEOLOGIST, PASSED AWAY:
Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar was born on 19 November 1875. died on 13 May 1950. He was born in Marathi Goud Saraswat Brahmin family. He was an Indian archaeologist and epigraphist who worked with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). He was the son of eminent Indologist, R. G. Bhandarkar. As Assistant Superintendent, Bhandarkar worked in the then Rajputana, excavating the city of Nagari in Chittorgarh district in 1915-16. He succeeded George Thibaut as the Carmichael Professor of Ancient Indian History and Culture in the University of Calcutta and held the post from 1917 to 1936. Gandhiji met Dr. Bhandarkar in 1915 at Pune, Bombay Presidency in regards to the South African Indian question.
NARAYAN MALHAR JOSHI, THE FATHER OF INDIAN WORKER’S MOVEMENT, PASSED AWAY:
Narayan Malhar Joshi was born into Deshastha Brahmin family on 5 June 1879 at Goregaon Kolaba district, Maharashtra. Deid on 30 May 1955) was an Indian trade union leader and follower of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Joshi got involved in labour issues and started the All India Trade Union Congress in 1921 along with Lala Lajpat Rai. He was the general secretary of AITUC from 1925 to 1929 and from 1940 to 1948. In 1931, he left AITUC and started the All India Trade Union Federation.
UMA SHANKAR DIXIT (90) PASSED AWAY:
Uma Shankar Dikshit was born on 12 January 1901 at village Ugu of Unnao district, he got his education from Kanpur. He was an Indian politician, cabinet minister and Governor of West Bengal and Governor of Karnataka. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India in 1989, by the Government of India. Uma Shankar Dikshit started his political career when he joined the Indian freedom movement, during which he was imprisoned four times.He remained the Governor of Karnataka, 1976–77 and Governor of West Bengal 1984-1986. He died at New Delhi on 30 May 1991 after a prolonged illness at the age of 90 years.