Find out what happened in India on “June 01”
1 – June-1980
GLOBAL DAY OF PARENTS:
Since the 1980s, the important role of the family has increasingly come to the attention of the international community. The General Assembly adopted a number of resolutions and proclaimed the International Year of the Family and the International Day of Families. General Assembly in 2012, Global Day of Parents provides an opportunity to appreciate all parents for their “selfless commitment to children and their lifelong sacrifice towards nurturing this relationship.”
MADRAS GENERAL POST OFFICE STARTED FUNCTIONING:
Chennai General Post Office was initially opened in Fort St. George Square, just outside the Sea Gate, on 1 June 1786. The first Postmaster-General was Sir Archibald’s secretary, A. M. Campbell. Robert Mitford was appointed the Deputy Postmaster-General. The GPO was served by one writer (clerk), five sorters, a head peon and ten postmen. Later, the company overruled Campbell’s appointment and, eventually, Oliver Colt was appointed the first Postmaster-General of Madras. To expand its services, the Madras Post Office, as it was generally called, opened a couple of receiving offices (as opposed to full service offices that also delivered mail) in March 1834.
WILLIAM CAREY, WARD AND MARSHMAN ESTABLISHED THE SERAMPORE COLLEGE IN BENGAL:
It was founded in 1818 by the English missionaries known as the Serampore Trio William Carey, Joshua Marshman,William Ward. Their aim was to give an education in arts and sciences to students of every “caste, colour or country” and to train people for ministry in the growing church in India. The Serampore Trio started the college with 37 students in 1818.  King Frederick VI of Denmark. originally granted a Royal Charter giving Serampore College the status of a university to confer degrees on 23rd February 1827.
East India Company was dissolved: In 1858, this arrangement ended when the crown became direct rulers of India in the wake of the Sepoy Rebellion challenging company rule. On June 1, 1874, the East India Company was dissolved.
LOKMANYA TILAK ROARED ”FREEDOM IS BY BIRTHRIGHT” AT AHMEDNAGAR.
On June 1, 1916 Bal Gangadhar Tilak uttered nine words at a public meeting in Ahmednagar that galvanised public opinion against British colonial rule across the length and breadth of undivided India: ‘Swaraj is my birthright. And I shall have it. ‘ The colonial authorities promptly pressed sedition charges against him. Swararjya was not his only concern. The ‘father of Indian unrest’, as the British press called him, was also in the forefront of the campaigns for swadeshi, boycott of foreign goods and for national education. The next generation of freedom fighters continued these campaigns. The short point is that the genesis of the slogans ‘Make in India’ or ‘Skilling India’ can be traced to the vision of the Lokmanya.
V. SHANTARAM, S. FATTEHLAL (SHEIKH SYED FATTEHLAL), VISHNUPANT DAMLE AND KESHAVRAO B. DHAIBER, ALONGWITH SITA RAM KULKAMI, FOUNDED THE ‘PRABHAT FILM COMPANY’ AT KOLHAPUR.
Prabhat Film Company popularly known as Prabhat Films was an Indian film production company and film studios founded in 1 June 1929 by the noted film director V.Shantaram and his friends. It was formed in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India in 1929, towards the end of silent films’ era, by the noted film director V. Shantaram, along with V.G. Damle, Keshav Rao Dhaibar, S. Fatelal and S.V. Kulkarni. The company moved to Pune in 1933, where it established its own studio and produced a total of 45 films in both Marathi and Hindi over 27 years. The 75th anniversary of Prabhat Films was celebrated in Pune, in June 2004. It included an exhibition of rare photographs and screening of the documentary film, It’s Prabhat!.
FIRST INDIAN LUXURIOUS FAST TRAIN ‘DECCAN QUEEN’ STARTED:
Deccan Queen service was introduced on 1 June 1930. as a weekend train during the days of the British raj to ferry rich patrons -fans from Bombay (now Mumbai) to Poona (now Pune) to attend horse racing at Pune Race Course.The first service of the train was conducted from Calyan (now Kalyan) and Pune. It was converted to a daily service soon after, starting from Bombay Victoria Terminus (renamed Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus CSMT). The color of its rake has seen a lot of changes, from red colour to yellow to white and then to blue. It has an average operating speed of 58 km/h (36 mph) including stops, and a top speed of 105 km/h (65 mph), making it among the fastest trains in India.
TATA FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE WAS ESTABLISHED:
In 1944, Homi J. Bhabha, known for his role in the development of the Indian atomic energy programme, wrote to the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust requesting financial assistance to set up a scientific research institute. With support from J.R.D. Tata, then chairman of the Tata Group, TIFR was founded on 1 June 1945, and Homi Bhabha was appointed its first director. The institute initially operated within the campus of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore before relocating to Mumbai later that year. TIFR’s new campus in Colaba was designed by Chicago-based architect Helmuth Bartsch and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 January 1962.
INDIA’S UNTOUCHABILITY (OFFENCE) ACT COMES INTO FORCE:
This is an unofficial consolidation. The Act, dated 8 May 1955, entered into force on 1 June 1955. The amendment included here was Act No. 106 of 1975, which entered into force 19 January 1976. This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.
THE CHINESE OCCUPY TIBET AND DALAI LAMA FLEES TO INDIA:
The history of Tibet from 1950 to the present started with the Chinese invading Tibet in 1950. Before then, Tibet had declared independence from China in 1913. In 1951, the Tibetans signed a seventeen-point agreement reaffirming China’s sovereignty over Tibet and providing an autonomous administration led by Dalai Lama. In 1959 the 14th Dalai Lama fled from Tibet to northern India under cover where he established the Central Tibetan Administration. The Tibet Autonomous Region within China was officially established in 1965.
NATIONAL AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY (NARL) ESTABLISHED:
The story of CSIR-NAL began on 1 June 1959, when the National Aeronautical Research Laboratory (NARL) was set up in Delhi, with Dr P Nilakantan as its first Director. Barely nine months later, in March 1960, it made its humble beginning by setting up its office in the stables of the Palace of Maharaja of Mysore on Jayamahal Road, Bangalore as National Aeronautical Laboratory(NAL). The first Executive Council was chaired by JRD Tata and was studded with luminaries such as Prof Satish Dhawan and the legendary designer Dr V M Ghatage.
NAVA PAISA, ESTABLISHED IN 1947, WAS RENAMED AS ‘PAISA’:
The history of the Rupee traces back to Ancient India. The mention of rūpya by Panini is seemingly the earliest reference in an Indian text about coins. The word “rupee” is derived from a Sanskrit word “rūpya”, which means “wrought silver”, and maybe also something stamped with an image or a coin.Prior to 1957, Indian rupee was not decimalised and the rupee from 1835 to 1957 was further divided into 16 annas. Each anna was further divided to four Indian pices and each pice into three Indian pies till 1947 when the pie was demonetised.
No mintmark = Kolkata,
♦ = Mumbai mint,
B = Mumbai Proof issues,
* = Hyderabad,
° = Noida.
INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION (ISRO) BROUGHT UNDER DEPARTMENT OF SPACE (DOS):
Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962, the space activities in the country were initiated. In the same year, the work on Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) near Thiruvananthapuram was also started. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established in August 1969. The Government of India constituted the Space Commission and established the Department of Space (DOS) in June 1972 and brought ISRO under DOS in September 1972.
Kanshi Ram (Bahujan Samaj Party) withdraws support to the Mulayam Singh Yadav-led government in UP and stakes claim to form a new government.
H.D. DEVE GOWDA’S 21-MEMBER CENTRAL CABINET SWORN IN:
H. D. Deve Gowda was sworn in as 11th Prime Minister of India from 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997. He was previously the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1994 to 1996. Gowda was born on 18 May 1933 in Haradanahalli, a village in Holenarasipura taluk, of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore (now in Hassan, Karnataka). Gowda earned a diploma in civil engineering from L. V. Polytechnic, Hassan, in the late 1950s.
NEW POSTAL RATES EFFECTIVE:
For a weight letters no exceeding twenty grams Rs. 5/- , For every twenty grams of letters or fraction thereof Rs. 5/-, For a letter card Rs. 2.50/- , For a single postcard 50 paise, For a reply postcard Rs … 1/- , Postcards containing printed communication for a postcard … Rs. 6.00, For a competition post card … Rs. 10/-, For a meghdoot post card……… 25 paise, For the first fifty grams or fraction thereof … Rs. 4/-, For every additional fifty grams or Fraction thereof in excess of fifty grams … Re. 3/-, Book packets containing printed books Rs 1/-.
SATYENDRANATH TAGORE, BENGALI OFFICER AND LITTERATEUR, WAS BORN:
Satyendranath Tagore was born on 1 June 1842, he died on – 9 January 1923. He was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Service. He was the second eldest brother of Rabindranath Tagore, the only Indian to get a Nobel Prize in Literature.
M. V. DHURANDHAR, FAMOUS MASTER PAINTER OF MAHARASHTRA, PASSED AWAY:
Mahadev Vishwanath Dhurandhar (18 March 1867 – 01 June 1944) was noted Indian painter from the British colonial era and postcard artist. His illustrations of women of that era doing their daily chores are especially popular. He wrote an autobiography in Marathi about his years at the J.J. School. In 1926, he was commissioned by the ruler of Aundh State, Maharaja Bhawanrao Pantpratinidhi to make paintings on the life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
LILADHAR JAGUDI, WELL KNOWN HINDI POET, PASSED AWAY:
Leeladhar Jagudi was born on June 1, 1944 (age 75) Dhangan gaon, Tehri Garhwal district, Uttarakhand, India. He was Hindi Poet Academic Journalist since 1964. Leeladhar Jagudi is an Indian teacher, journalist and poet of Hindi literature. He is the author of several poetry anthologies including Natak Jari Hai and Shankha Mukhi Shikharon Par and is a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award. for his 1997 anthology, Anubhav Ke Aakash Mein Chand.The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri.
RASHID GHULAM MUHAMMAD PATEL, CRICKETER WAS BORN IN SABARKANTHA:
Rashid Ghulam Mohammed Patel was born on 1 June 1964. as a left arm fast bowler who represented India in cricket. He played for Baroda between 1986–87 and 1996-97 in domestic cricket. Rashid Patel had a very unsuccessful career for India. His only Test was at Bombay against New Zealand in 1988-89. Apart from beating the openers’ bat a few times early on he made no impression. He scored a pair against Richard Hadlee while batting. In his only one-day match against the same team, he bowled 10 overs for 58 runs without taking a wicket.
NEELAM SANJIVA REDDY, FORMER PRESIDENT OF INDIA, PASSED AWAY:
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (19 May 1913 – 1 June 1996) was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982 Beginning a long political career with the Indian National Congress Party in the Indian independence movement.
& first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a two-time Speaker of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister before becoming the youngest-ever Indian president.